Beijing, referred to as "Beijing", is the capital of the People's Republic of China, municipalities directly under the central government, National Center cities, Mega-cities, international metropolises, National Political Center, Cultural Center, International Communication Center, Science and Technology Innovation Center and integrated transportation hub, is the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China, the People's Republic of China , the National Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference, the seat of the Central Military Commission of the People's Republic Beijing is located in the northern part of the North China Plain, backed by Yanshan, adjacent to Tianjin and Hebei province.
Beijing's climate is typical of the northern temperate semi-humid continental monsoon climate. Beijing is the first Chinese national historical and cultural city and the world has the largest number of world cultural heritage cities, more than more than 3,000 years of history gave birth to the Forbidden City, Temple of Heaven, Badaling Great Wall, Summer Palace and many other places of interest. As early as 700,000 years ago, the Zhoukoudian region of Beijing appeared in the original Crowd tribe "Beijingers." In 1045 BC, Beijing became the capital of Thistle, Yan and other kingdoms. Since 938 AD, Beijing has become the Liao Yidu, Jin Du, Yuan Metropolis, Ming and Qing countries.
During the Ming and Qing dynasties, Beijing became one of the "World's Four Gathering", the Republic of China was the capital of the Beiyang government, October 1, 1949 Beijing's "National Center City Index" ranked first in China and was named the fourth largest city in the world by GAWC. The UN report notes that Beijing has the second highest human development index in Chinese cities. In the 2017, the per capita disposable income of Beijing reached 57230 yuan, the total household deposits and per capita household deposits ranked first in the country.
2017, Beijing high-tech enterprises reached 20,183, the number of China's first country